Guest Post By Otto J. Reich and Ezequiel Vazquez Ger
Ecuador has headlined many newspapers in recent weeks due to President Correa’s attacks against the independent press. The international media, however, has not yet focused on an international scandal that is brewing for the Correa regime. Only a few days ago Italian police discovered 40 kilograms of cocaine being smuggled into the country in Ecuador’s diplomatic pouch.
Diplomatic pouches are the means by which governments send classified correspondence and articles intended for official use to their diplomatic missions abroad. These pouches are regulated by the Vienna Convention, which states that “the packages constituting the diplomatic bag must bear visible external marks of their character and may contain only diplomatic documents or articles intended for official use,” and that the bag “shall not be opened or detained.” Also, each bag should carry a waybill that lists all the documents or goods being transported, among other information regarding to its content.
On November 21, 2011 in the Official Register No. 212, the Ecuadorian government adopted a provision governing its interpretation of the Vienna Convention, thereby establishing a number of “exceptions” to the waybill on the diplomatic pouches. This stated that the shipping of works of art, jewelry, crafts, and other items with no commercial value for exhibitions of cultural and commercial promotion abroad, were exempted from carrying this waybill.
At the same time, these Ecuadorian provisions introduced a new legal form called “extraordinary diplomatic pouches,” which can contain objects such as works of art and crafts, that is, objects that are not necessarily for official use, and, mentioned earlier, are not required to carry a waybill.
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