Marathon Runners test the limit of their endurance to commemorate victims of Communism
Estimates of the dead while trying to cross the Berlin Wall run from 136 to 1200 (from a pop. of 18 million).
"Berlin Wall ultramarathon takes runners over 100 miles of history and remembrance"
"We wanted to organise a 100-mile race partly to commemorate those who lost their lives on the wall and every year we remember a specific victim who was killed trying to cross," organizer Dr Ronald Musil told AFP.
Until restrictions on border crossings were lifted by the communist regime on November 9, 1989, it was a symbol of oppression for the city's citizens on either side and the race is closely linked to the wall's history.
Finishers of the inaugural race in 2011 were given a medal engraved with the face of Chris Gueffroy, the last person shot dead by East German border guards trying to cross the wall on February 5, 1989, and his mother Karin was a guest of honor.
This year, the medals will honour the first victim: Guenter Litfin, who was shot trying to swim across Berlin's Spree river over to west Berlin on August 24, 1961.
Estimates of the dead attempting to escape Cuba while following Diana Nyad's exact route run from 20,000--80,0000 (from a pop. of 7-10 million.