Some interesting facts about Cubans and Cuban Americans in the U.S. from Pew Research:
Facts on Hispanics of Cuban origin in the United States, 2017
An estimated 2.3 million Hispanics of Cuban origin lived in the United States in 2017, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. Cubans in this statistical profile are people who self-identified as Hispanics of Cuban origin; this includes immigrants from Cuba and those who trace their family ancestry to Cuba.
Cubans are the third-largest population (tied with Salvadorans) of Hispanic origin living in the United States, accounting for 4% of the U.S. Hispanic population in 2017. Since 2000, the Cuban-origin population has increased 84%, growing from 1.2 million to 2.3 million over the period. At the same time, the Cuban foreign-born population living in the U.S. grew by 50%, from 853,000 in 2000 to 1.3 million in 2017. By comparison, Mexicans, the nation’s largest Hispanic origin group, constituted 36.6 million, or 62%, of the Hispanic population in 2017.
The following key facts compare demographic and economic characteristics of the Cuban-origin population in the U.S. with the characteristics of U.S. Hispanics and the U.S. population overall. It is based on Pew Research Center tabulations of the 2017 American Community Survey. Key facts include:
- Among Hispanics in the U.S., about 33% are foreign born, compared with 56% of U.S. Cubans.
- About 43% of foreign-born Cubans have been in the U.S. for over 20 years, and 58% of foreign-born Cubans are U.S. citizens.
- About 16% of U.S. Hispanics ages 25 and older have obtained at least a bachelor’s degree, compared with 27% of Cubans.
- Among Cubans ages 25 and older, the U.S. born are more likely than the foreign born to have a bachelor’s degree or higher (38% vs. 23%).
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