Based on a document titled “PROYECTO DE ESCUELA SECUNDARIA BASICA” (Secondary School Project) published by the Education Ministry of Cuba, I refer and translate in English relevant sections showing how political indoctrination constitutes an essential part of the education system in Cuba.
Even though this document refers only to secondary school, which includes grades 7th, 8th and 9th, the process of indoctrination occurs at all levels in Cuba and with greater intensity in high school and university. Regardless of the date of this document, it serves as a means to help us understand through the terminology of the dictatorship in Cuba how the process of indoctrination has been been and continues to be an official state policy. Similar documents can be found throughout different periods of the regime, from the establishment of the Community Youth League to the present.
Note how this document mixes “patriotism, Cubanhood/national identity” with ideology. Patriotism, rather than being defined as a broad concept that transcends ideology, is narrowed down to the acceptance and allegiance to socialism and the ideas of Che Guevara and Fidel Castro. In other words, those who disagree with socialism and Fidel Castro are deemed as “anti patriotic” and therefore “anti cuban.” National identity and ideology are intertwined.
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