Birth rate in Cuba drops to its lowest level in six decades

With the elderly population growing in Cuba and a mass exodus of Cubans escaping communism, the island’s remaining younger generation is having fewer and fewer children. As a socialist dictatorship that relies on the slave labor of the people to maintain revenues and remain in power, the Castro regime is finding itself in a predicament. The elderly can no longer produce, many of the young people are fleeing, and those who remain are not having children.

Via Martí Noticias (my translation):

In 2023, Cuba recorded its lowest birth rate in six decades

Cuba recorded its lowest birth rate in the past six decades in 2023, island authorities announced this week during a meeting of the Governmental Commission addressing the issue.

“The Cuban population continued the trend towards aging and natural decrease. During the period, around 90,300 births were registered,” a report from the presidential press team stated.

According to information disclosed in the meeting, the elderly constitute the only demographic group that has grown in recent years in the country.

Authorities are concerned about the aging problem, but instead of concrete actions, they referred to the need to review the situation and devise strategies.

“In the face of this scenario, a change of mindset is required in understanding, addressing, and controlling the country’s demographic situation. Solutions must be sought based on local resources, and indicators reflecting progress and deficiencies must be monitored,” said Prime Minister Manuel Marreo Cruz, who urged that the issue be treated as a “priority element.”

“We are talking about government projections to correct distortions, and there are many distortions here, and reinvigorating the economy in this area means fulfilling everything we have set out to do, because all of this impacts the population directly,” added the official.

During the meeting, Marreo Cruz demanded an evaluation of the territories that “are falling behind.” It is necessary to analyze “why they are not fulfilling, with names and surnames,” said the Prime Minister, who acknowledges that “the financial limitations and material resources faced by the country have negatively affected the implementation of the Policy for Addressing Demographic Dynamics.”

According to the National Fertility Survey released by state-run media in the middle of last year, abortions and menstrual regulations on the island increased by 14% from 2009 to 2022. The study, which included 12,093 individuals (6,471 women and 5,622 men) aged 15 to 54, concluded that about 35% of unwanted pregnancies in that period ended in termination.

Juan Carlos Alfonso Fraga, deputy head of the National Office of Statistics and Information (ONEI), said after the publication of the study that 22.3% of the population of the island was 60 years old or older. Among the causes of aging, the official mentioned deaths caused by the Covid-19 pandemic and migratory exodus.

Many women in Cuba postpone pregnancy or do not consider having children due to the economic crisis in the country and the limitations to access their own housing, food, medicine, and other essential products.

In recent years, more than half a million Cubans have left the country, primarily motivated by living conditions.

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