1961 and The Berlin Wall

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On this day in 1961, the East Germans began building of The Berlin Wall.   It quickly became a flash point between the US and USSR plus a symbol of freedom vs communism:

During the rest of 1961, the grim and unsightly Berlin Wall continued to grow in size and scope, eventually consisting of a series of concrete walls up to 15 feet high.

These walls were topped with barbed wire and guarded with watchtowers, machine gun emplacements, and mines.

By the 1980s, this system of walls and electrified fences extended 28 miles through Berlin and 75 miles around West Berlin, separating it from the rest of East Germany. The East Germans also erected an extensive barrier along most of the 850-mile border between East and West Germany.

In the West, the Berlin Wall was regarded as a major symbol of communist oppression.

About 5,000 East Germans managed to escape across the Berlin Wall to the West, but the frequency of successful escapes dwindled as the wall was increasingly fortified.

Thousands of East Germans were captured during attempted crossings and 191 were killed.

Another story about the evil of communism!

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